In Alberta, charter schools – independent, government-funded, non-profit schools that do not charge tuition – provide great benefit to families and taxpayers. On average, charter school students have, each year since 2006, scored higher on test results than the students in the province’s traditional public schools or even in private independent schools. Unsurprisingly, the demand for charter schools from parents is immense. As the left-wing political action committee Progress Alberta reports on its website: “There are extremely long wait lists, and parents are advised to start applying and visiting schools by the time their child is two months old.”
Taxpayers benefit from such schools as well since annual government spending in charter schools is more than $4,000 less per student than in the traditional government schools. It would seem, given the superior student performance, the massive demand from parents, and the savings for taxpayers, that the province should have scores of such schools serving a significant proportion of students. Yet there are only 13 charter schools in Alberta, representing about 1.4 percent of total school enrollment.
The lack of charter schools despite the success of the model is a scarcity engineered by restrictive government policy. The number of charter schools is capped, for no good reason, at 15. Charter school applications can be denied by the province, as two were in 2016 by the education minister because the charter schools were deemed too similar to what was offered in traditional public schools.
This denial by the government of school choice demanded by parents makes no sense. Suppose the government blocked McDonald’s from opening a new restaurant in Calgary because the government decided that the city already had “enough” McDonald’s locations, or because McDonald’s hamburgers were determined to be too similar to those served at Harvey’s. People would be rightly outraged with the government denying them their preferred choice of fast food.
Their outrage would be no less justified – indeed, it would be more justified, since education is of far greater importance than hamburgers – with government restrictions on charter schools that deny parents the preferred choice of education for their children.
Charter schools can be vetoed not only by the education minister, but even by the traditional public school boards. As Paige MacPherson and Franco Terrazzano recently explained in the Calgary Herald: “Currently, local school boards serve as gatekeepers to charter schools. A charter society must first propose their alternative program to the local school board, which can reject the application. A school board, which may view a new charter school as competition for per-student tax dollars, can effectively stop a charter school in its tracks.”
The charter school regulations, then, are like giving Harvey’s a veto over the opening of any new McDonald’s locations. Importantly, not only McDonald’s customers would be harmed by such an arrangement, but Harvey’s customers would also surely be worse off. The benefit to Harvey’s customers of a thriving McDonald’s is that it forces Harvey’s to compete for customers by ensuring high quality at a low price, or else watch its customers disappear to McDonald’s.